Niikura (also known as Niiza, Shiki or Shiragi), one of the original 1878/79 modern districts, was first merged into North Adachi in 1896, but a substantial part of its former territory was subsequently transferred to the North Tama and North Toshima districts of Tokyo. Origin of the name "Saitama" The name "Saitama" originally comes from the Sakitama (埼玉郡) district of what is now the city of Gyōda in the northern part of what is now known as Saitama Prefecture. Saitama Prefecture is located just north of Tokyo. The former occupy small areas neighboring the Kantō Mount Range, including the Hiki Hills and Sayama Hills. Nearby Sights. Saitama Prefecture has a population of 7,338,536 and has a geographic area of 3,797 km². Most of the popular tourist sites in Saitama are located in the northwestern part of the prefecture, which is known as the Chichibu Region. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. How to get to and around Saitama Saitama, capital of Saitama ken (prefecture), east-central Honshu, Japan. Origin of the name "Saitama" The name "Saitama" originally comes from the Sakitama (埼玉郡) district of what is now the city of Gyōda in the northern part of what is now known as Saitama Prefecture. Kawagoe Prefecture was consolidated with other territories into Iruma Prefecture (入間県, Iruma-ken; government seat unchanged from Kawagoe domain/prefecture: Kawagoe Town, Iruma District) which consisted of 13 districts of Musashi in the Western part of present-day Saitama. Both had been post towns on the Nakasendō highway between Ōsaka and Edo (Tokyo) during the Tokugawa period (1603–1867), and both grew rapidly in the 20th century, especially after World War II. It has a lot of still undiscovered sightseeing spots, such as places with old streets and splendid nature. Saitama Prefecture Historic Sites: See reviews and photos of 10 historic sites in Saitama Prefecture, Japan on Tripadvisor. [8], The eastern side, part of the Kantō Plain, can be further divided into nine separate expanses of hills and ten plateaus. Saitama Prefecture ((埼玉県 Saitama-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the central-west corner of the Kantō region on the main Honshu island. History. [13], Rivers and canals, including those developed in the Edo period (17th – 19th centuries) in the east of the prefecture, are largely disused following the introduction of motorised land transport. Template:Infobox Prefecture Japan Saitama Prefecture (埼玉県, Saitama-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Kantō region. [18], Saitama Prefecture has a number of sister city relationships with states and a province as listed below (in chronological order).[19]. Saitama Prefecture is a landlocked prefecture of Japan located in the Kantō region of Honshu. 1947 Typhoon Kathleen damage at Kurihashi 01.jpg 510 × 390; 101 KB After World War II, as Tokyo expanded rapidly and modern transportation allowed longer commutes, the lack of available land in Tokyo led to the rapid development of Saitama Prefecture, where the population has nearly tripled since 1960. Most of the land is contained in Chichibu Tama Kai National Park. Situated in the southeastern part of the prefecture, the city was created in 2001 through the merger of the former cities of Urawa, Yono, and Ōmiya. Its total area is 27.28 square kilometres (10.53 sq mi). [15], Also as in all prefectures, prefectural by-laws, the budget and the approval of important prefectural administrative appointments such as the vice-governors or members of the public safety commission, are the prerogative of the assembly which is elected directly to four-year terms on an independent electoral cycle. The Jōban, Kan-etsu, Shuto, Tōhoku, and Tokyo-Gaikan expressways form parts of the nationwide expressway network. Saitama borders Tokyo but offers its own array of outdoor adventures and living Edo history A major transportation hub and a stop on the way to Nikko during the Edo period, Saitama is now an urban commuter area. Traces of water transport are found on the Tone River, which forms the border between Saitama and Gunma Prefecture, and on the Arakawa River, which includes a tourist attraction in Nagatoro. Circular routes were constructed as bypasses to avoid congestion in central Tokyo. Hasuda (蓮田市, Hasuda-shi) is a city located in Saitama Prefecture, Japan.As of 1 February 2016, the city had an estimated population of 62,284, and a population density of 2280 persons per km². swap_calls 194m. Saitama Prefecture (埼玉県, Saitama-ken) is a prefecture in the Kantō region of Japan on the island of Honshu. Saitama is the capital and largest city of Saitama Prefecture, with other major cities including Kawaguchi, Kawagoe, and Tokorozawa. According to Sendai Kuji Hongi (Kujiki), Chichibu was one of 137 provinces during the reign of Emperor Sujin. saitama Just above Tokyo, Saitama Prefecture (埼玉県, Saitama-ken) is more than just a suburb for commuters to the nation’s capital. Other resolutions: 320 × 213 pixels | 640 × 427 pixels | 800 × 533 pixels | 1,024 × 683 pixels | 1,280 × 853 pixels. Mount Fuji is visible across much of Saitama like a watchful guardian of the natural beauty that lies just beyond the grey commuter towns. The topography of Saitama Prefecture is largely divided by the Hachiōji Tectonic Line, which runs through Kodama, Ogawa, and Hannō, into the western mountain area and the eastern lowland area. It is located central-west of the Kanto region, measuring 103 km from east to west and 52 km from north to south. According to Sendai Kuji Hongi (), Chichibu was one of 137 provinces during the reign of Emperor Sujin. Ōmiya Station in Saitama City forms East Japan Railway Company's northern hub station in the Greater Tokyo Area, offering transfers to and from Shinkansen high-speed lines. The capital is the city of Saitama.. In the Meiji Restoration, after being briefly united with other rural shogunate territories in Musashi under Musashi governors (Musashi chikenji), many former shogunate/hatamoto territories in Northwestern Musashi became Ōmiya Prefecture (大宮県, Ōmiya-ken), soon renamed to Urawa (浦和県, -ken) in 1868/69, with some territories held by other short-lived prefectures (Iwahana/later mainly Gunma (ja) and Nirayama/later mainly Shizuoka, Kanagawa and Tokyo (ja)). The government of the prefecture was to be set up in Iwatsuki Town, Saitama District in November 1871 by the Dajōkan ordinance to set up the prefecture, but ultimately remained in Urawa's previous prefectural government seat in Urawa Town in Adachi District. Sight in Saitama Saitama Prefectural Gokoku Jinja Shrine “Gokoku” is a type of Shinto shrine, designated as a place of worship for those who have died in war. Size of this PNG preview of this SVG file: 600 × 400 pixels. Saitama Prefecture was formerly part of the old Musashi Province. Manufactures include transportation equipment, machinery, metals, and processed foods. [17], In the National Diet, Saitama's directly elected delegation consists of 15 members of the House of Representatives and currently seven (four per class, but only raised from three in 2019, so it will only grow to eight after the 2022 election) in the House of Councillors. It became the prefecture's first (and so far only) designated major city in 2003.[5]. Train enthusiasts shouldn't miss this impressive, expensively produced railway-history museum located about thirty minutes north of Shinjuku in Saitama Prefecture. The latter are mainly surrounded by alluvial flood plains. The area to east of the basin consists of relatively low mountains. Pop. Between them was the much smaller Yono, which did not become urbanized until after the war and whose area was restricted by its two expanding neighbours. The city is now divided administratively into nine wards, two of which—Ōmiya and Urawa—occupy the central areas, respectively, of the former cities. The Saitama Prefectural Museum of History and Folklore is a ten minute walk from Omiya Koen Station (5 minutes, 150 yen one way from Omiya Station by Tobu Noda Line). The area that would become Saitama Prefecture in the 19th century is part of Musashi Province in the Ritsuryō (or ryō-system; ritsu stands for the penal code, ryō for the administrative code) Imperial administration of antiquity (see Provinces of Japan and the 5 (go) capital area provinces (ki)/7 (shichi) circuits (dō) system) which was nominally revived in the Meiji restoration but has lost much of its administrative function since the Middle Ages. While Tokyo’s metropolitan sprawl swallows most of eastern Saitama, the prefecture’s western borders remain safe havens of rural tradition, preserved history, and a rocky mountainous landscape. Map of Saitama Prefecture. Chichibu Province was in Saitama's western part.. Saitama Prefecture was formerly part of the old Musashi Province.. It lies near the northern limit of the Tokyo-Yokohama metropolitan area, about 20 miles (32 km) north of central Tokyo. In the southeastern portion of the prefecture, the Ōmiya Plateau stands in a southeastward direction, sandwiched by the Furutone River to the east and the Arakawa River to the west.[9]. The prefectural capital, Urawa in North Adachi, remained a town until 1934. (2005). [11], Honda Airport for general aviation, and the JASDF's Iruma Air Base[12] and Kumagaya Air Base. Except for the transfer of a few municipalities to Tokyo in the 1890s/1900s (see below) and several smaller, 20th century changes through cross-prefectural municipal mergers or transfers of neighbourhoods, Saitama had reached its present extent. The Ōmiya area is renowned for its many bonsai (dwarf-tree) nurseries (first established there in the mid-1920s), and the Urawa vicinity includes a wild-primrose garden and a heron sanctuary. Website +81 48-645-8171. On this tour you will be visiting a unique National Historic Site; the Yoshimi Hundred Caves. Much of southeastern Saitama, including the prefectural capital of Saitama City, are considered suburbs of Tokyo, while its western parts are mostly rural and mountainous and include parts of … The city site is on the level to gently rolling lowlands of the Kantō Plain, the southeast-flowing Ara River constituting the western boundary of the municipality. [20], Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. Historically known as an Agricultural region which produced a lot of food for the Kanto region, the lack of available land in Tokyo following the post World War II expansion quickly led to the rapid development of Saitama. The pronunciation has changed from Sakitama to Saitama over the years. The altitude, highest on the western side, gradually lowers eastward from mountain ranges to hills to plateaus to lowlands. 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